The pace of electric bus deployment is increasing rapidly worldwide. Transportation agencies and bus operators are faced with the challenges of re-evaluating the dimensioning of their bus fleet and the associated charging infrastructure with the introduction of electric buses. This paper introduces a new agent-based public transport simulation model currently being developed and based on a general-purpose microscopic traffic simulation platform. It enables users to conduct city-scale studies and analysis of the day-to-day operation of a public bus fleet of traditional and electric buses, including detailed modelling of charging stations, termini and depots. Results are presented in a case study to electrify the entire bus fleet of Singapore.
Figure 1: Example of city-scale simulation, with one bus route highlighted
Figure 2: Close-up showing two electric bus agents, a charging station (in green) and a bus stop (in red)